Rain Barrels Made from Garbage Cans

This post is really more of a spring-time post.  And ideally I would do it as a step-by-step DIY post with photos.  But I had a request to see our rain barrels made from garbage cans, so here it is.  I can’t do it step-by-step with photos, just directions, because we aren’t building one right now and it is cold and snowy outside.  🙂  The next time we make a barrel I will do a good DIY post with step-by-step pics.  But for now, this can help if anyone wants to make one sooner.

Supplies:

  • 35-gallon garbage can with lid
  • Screen
  • Staples and Staple Gun
  • (2) 1/2 inch Spigots
  • (2)  3/4-inch to 1/2-inch PVC bushing reducers
  • Teflon Plumbing Tape
  • Tin Snips
  • Drill
  • 1/4-inch or larger bit
  • Spade bit – same size as the outside diameter of the valleys of the spigot threads

Using the spade bit, drill two holes where you want the spigots.  One up high for overflow, and one low for draining.  Take into account that you need to be able to hook a hose on the bottom one and not have it kink, so if the barrel is not up on something, the spigot needs to be higher on the side so the hose can hook on.  Put the overflow as high as you can.  Also, consider which direction you want your overflow going out in regards to where your lower spigot is.  We put ours 90 degrees from each other so that the overflow could be directed down the alley, but the drain hose could easily go towards the gardens.

Wrap the threads of the spigots with teflon plumbing tape.  The wrap needs to be going the same direction that the spigot will be screwed in, or it will just shred.

Begin screwing in the spigot.  As soon as the threads catch and it is about 1/4-inch into the garbage can, screw the PVC reducer (the 1/2-inch side) onto the spigot until it is against the inside of the garbage can, then hold it tight and screw the spigot through it as well.  Think of a nut and bolt.  The spigot is like the bolt and the PVC reducer acts as a nut to help hold the spigot in and give it support on the inside since the garbage can plastic is so thin.  So your spigot should be screwed all the way tight in the hole, with the PVC reducer screwed tight on the back side holding the spigot in the hold and giving it support.  Repeat for the second spigot.

Cut your screen to a square big enough for the top of the garbage can.  Staple it on to the top edge of the garbage can, stapling every inch or so.  Cut the screen around the edge.

Cut a square hole in the lid at the proper location and to the proper size for your downspout.  We did this by first drawing the square on the lid.  Then we used a 1/4-inch bit to drill a hole inside one of the drawn corners of the square (it could be a bigger bit).  That made it possible to get our tin snips in and cut the hole.

Once the hole is cut, put the rain barrel in place and put the lid on over the screen.  Then get the downspout lined up to the hole.  You can attach your hose (or hoses) and start using it!

Sunday Homestead Update – Planning

I am such a planner.  I love calendars, lists, spreadsheets, and everything like that.  I love to make goals and plans and then go for them and tweak things along the way and really it doesn’t matter as much whether it was a success or failure but that I enjoyed the planning of it.  So the start of a new year, and the beginning of winter, is always a fun time for me because it is a great excuse to do all sorts of planning!

Garden Plans

I pulled out the colorful seed catalogs, and my garden binder, and started the garden planning for this next season.  We are trying some new stuff, sticking with old reliable stuff, and everything in between.  One of the things I am most excited about will be the addition of the two apple trees.  We have been tweaking, rebuilding, and preparing the Onion/Garlic patch for a few years now, and last fall we removed the pine trees there that were causing too much shade and way too many pine needles and cones on the gardens.  We will be replacing them with apple trees that will provide leaf mulch for the gardens, apples for us, and just the right amount of shade on certain parts of the gardens.

I am bummed we didn’t get to plant garlic last fall in the newly fixed Onion/Garlic patch, but we will fill it with onions this season, and get the garlic in next fall.  The deeper soil, awesome compost from the barnyard, and lack of pine trees should really make this area super-productive this year.

Not much will change in the main veggie garden, except we will be making a few boxes deeper and adding some compost because of our “miracle box” situation last year.  I have planned out the crop rotation for this year, as well as the varieties we will be planting.  We are also going to build another bean trellis archway, like the one we made last year from a cattle panel.  It worked great and looked nice too, so I want another one.

Last year we got our rain barrels set up with hoses that I could easily run to the berry bushes.  This year we will get a drip system hooked up to the berry bushes, the strawberry patch, and the container herb garden that will be fed from the rain barrels.  This will make for less work and more thorough watering of those areas, and we wont be using purchased water, which is awesome.

Lastly, with no sheep in the barnyard this year, we are planning to fence off the bottom half and plant a corn “field” again.  We tried this two years ago and it was mildly successful, but because we didn’t irrigate it well enough, and because the sheep broke into the area and destroyed everything, it didn’t really work.  We would like to run water from one of the rain barrels down there and without the sheep breaking in maybe we can grow some grains on our little farm!

Previous attempts at a corn field – before it got ruined.

 

School Curriculum Plans

This is also the time of year I sit down and work on our school curriculum plans for next year.  Summer is way too busy for me to do any school planning, and by January we have done enough of the current year for me to be able to see where we will end up, what is working, and what is not working.  So I sit down and plan out curriculum for each kid and then we usually purchase it in the spring.  Then it only takes me a week or so at the end of the summer to go through everything that I already planned and get us up and going for a new year.

Going along with our plans of simplifying our life for 2018, I am switching curriculum for next year.  We have used the same one for 5 years now, and we love it, but it is definitely more time consuming and teaching intense than some of the other ones.  With 4 kids in school, plus a special needs toddler, we all need something a little simpler that requires less time and intensity.  So I have found what I will be using with each of the kids, and we are all looking forward to a bit of a change and a simplified school year.

I have also made some changes and tweaks to this year to make the second half more simple and fun than the first half has been.  We have already implemented it and it is going well.

Chicken Breeding Plans

The kids have completely taken over the care of the chickens now, so I decided that it is their choice if, when, and how they want to breed them.  They are working together to formulate a breeding plan for the year and they will get to keep all the money they make from any sales of chicks and pullets.  I am looking forward to seeing what they come up with.

It is fun to look ahead at a fresh new year and make some goals and plans for what we hope to accomplish!

Sunday Homestead Update

We are in laid-up medical mode around here lately so not much is going on.  While the majority of America is freezing, we are somehow sitting in a balmy zone and are spending our days in the 50sF and nights in the 20-30sF, which is 15+ degrees warmer than we average this time of year.  It has been strange…but very nice!

Smokehouse

Back in December we smoked elk rib-eye in our smokehouse.  We used a different rub recipe than previously, let it cure for 21 days, and then smoked it for 6 hours using oak and hickory wood.  Once inside we baked it for 90 min.  The results were very good.  It was more moist than our previous attempts and we all enjoyed it very much.

Knitting

Small amounts of knitting getting done here and there.  I started a hat using 100% Alpaca yarn.  It is my first time ever knitting with alpaca and I am loving the squishy soft-ness of it all.  The fiber came from Talking Feather Alpacas farm and Mtn Man spun the yarn in our mill.

Chickens

The first batch of fall hatchlings are closing in on butcher weight, so we will be dealing with those soon.  There are three boys out of the 5 chicks.  The girls will stay for layers for now.

The second batch of fall hatchlings are just now around 9 weeks old and we are starting to be able to tell that there is at least one cockerel in the batch of 4.

2017 Year-End Homestead Review

It always amazes me when we do our year-end review and look back over the past 12 months how much we have accomplished.  Even in hard years it is good because we can see that we really did a lot on the homestead despite everything we struggled with.

To read previous Year-End Reviews Click the following links:

2013

2014

2015

2016

Statistics

Goats:

  • Started the year with 2 pregnant does
  • One set of triplet doelings born, 2 sold as bottle kids, 1 sold as weanling
  • One doeling born breech, dead at birth
  • One doe sold, one butchered for dog food because she couldn’t be bred anymore and was very old
  • Purchased 2 new does in summer, fresh with milk
  • Sold does because of our need to be free from milking because of son’s continuing health issues and hospitalizations
  • 70 gallons of milk produced for our family use

Sheep:

  • Started the year with 4 pregnant ewes and 1 yearling ewe
  • 5 lambs born – 4 ewe lambs, 1 ram lamb
  • Twin ewe lambs bottle raised, sold as bottle babies
  • 1 ewe culled
  • 1 ewe butchered, 26 lbs of meat, 12 lbs dog food, plus stock bones
  • 2 fleece sheared off for a total of 11 lbs raw
  • Flock of 6 sheep sold at end of year because of son’s continuing health issues and hospitalizations

Chickens:

  • Started year with 7 hens
  • Purchased 33 chicks
  • 6 chicks died first week of life, 27 chicks survived – 20 pullets, 7 cockerels
  • Butchered 6 cockerels and 2 old hens
  • 1 pullet killed by LGD pup
  • Broody hen set on purchased hatching eggs, 3 chicks hatched and survived and sold
  • 5 pullets sold at point of lay
  • 2 different broody hens set on our fertile eggs, hatched 10, 9 survived, 3 cockerels will be butchered January, 2 pullets kept, the rest still too young to know
  • 1,858 eggs laid
  • 17 eggs set for hatching
  • 49 doz sold
  • 104 doz for our own use

Fiber Rabbit:

  • Oliver, our English Angora Rabbit, was sheared 4 times this year, produced about 8 oz of fiber this year.
  • Oliver died of complications of a wool block in October

Farm Dogs:

  • Started the year with our amazing 13-year-old farm dog, Tundra, working the barnyard alone because the OTSC dog, Finley, was clearly not going to work out as his replacement.
  • Bought a 10-month-old Anatolian Shepherd, Anya, in the spring to work with Tundra and be the future replacement LGD.
  • Tundra died of old age at the end of July.
  • Anya is continuing to mature and be trained to be our lead LGD.

Garden:

  • 314 lbs of produce harvested
  • Spent $112 on the garden this year, average of $0.36 per lb.

Heritage Arts:

  • I completed the following knit projects: 6 pairs of socks, 2 toddler size sweaters, 2 balaclavas, 1 hooded scarf, 3 stuffed Easter Bunnies, and a pair of hunting gloves.  And I extended the length of the Farmhouse shawl that I made last year.  I also made one felted Christmas ornament.
  • I sewed 10 skirts, 24 cloth placemats, 48 cloth napkins, 3 toddler bibs, finished 1 crosstitch bookmark, and we made one batch of coffee-ground soap.  Plus innumerable amounts of mending and patching of clothes.
  • The girls did countless projects, each of them finishing more projects than I did.  I didn’t keep track of them, but I do know they sewed those 12 quilted hot pad trivets to match my placemat/napkin sets, and 80 backpacks and 232 facecloth hygiene kits for Operation Christmas Child.

Kitchen:

  • We didn’t keep canning stats this year, we were just too busy.  But we did do some canning.  Definitely less than usual.

Year Summary

In January we stayed warm and cozy inside while the snow flew and the outside temps stayed low.  We did brave the cold to work on several barn projects, remodeling and making things better suited for our needs.  We started a no-pre-processed-food challenge.  We worked on many heritage arts projects, including sewing, knitting, and soap making.  We also prepared for our first goat kids to be born.

February brought the first goat kids to the farm.  Heidi kidded adorable, colorful, tiny, triplets.  The birth was an adventure, since the first kid was breech.  But they all survived and we enjoyed the adorable antics of three babies.  And those weren’t the only babies on the farm in February, our 33 chicks also arrived and we enjoyed having them in the brooder in the house.

March had some gains and some losses.  We had a very sad and scary delivery for our goat Gretchen.  Her kid did not survive the ordeal, and we were barely able to pull Gretchen through it.  We sold two of Heidi’s kids as bottle babies and kept one doeling with her.  We began to get goat’s milk that we could use for our family, which was a huge blessing.  And our first lamb arrived earlier than we expected, but healthy and doing well.  She was the first second-generation lamb born on our farm.  We purchased her granddam, Daphne, who lambed her dam Violet for us, and then Violet lambed Daffodil.  It was a fun milestone birth.

April brought more gains and losses and was a very FULL month on the homestead.  We had twin ewe lambs born and sadly lost their mother right after birth, which left us with bottle babies.  We raised them a few weeks before selling them.  We also sold Heidi and her doeling, leaving us with one doe in milk.  We then had two more single lambs born, a ewe and a ram.  The chicks were big enough to integrate into the adult flock.  We started setting up the garden and had a ton of seedlings sprouting indoors waiting to go out.  We bought our new Livestock Guardian Dog, a 10-month-old Anatolian Shepherd puppy.  Tundra (our head LGD) helped us begin her training.  And we opened our new business – Willow Creek Fiber Mill.  Whew!  That was a super busy month!

In May I had trouble concentrating on work around the farm because the adorable antics of baby lambs in the barnyard made it hard for me to pull myself away from the fence.  Thankfully, I was able to resist the temptation enough to get some stuff done.  We got some seedlings moved into the gardens and spent a lot of time working on Anya’s training.  Mid-month we were buried in a deep, wet, spring snow.  It caused some damage to the berry bushes, but for the most part was just a fun distraction.

June weather meant that the last of the seedlings could move out into the gardens.  We were able to begin harvesting some herbs too!  We built some more fences and started battling the flies trying to eat the dogs’ ears.  We found the fly collars to be pretty effective, though short-lived.  The girls and I kept busy with sewing, knitting, and needle felting projects.  We attended some fiber festivals and enjoyed watching our fiber mill business grow.  And we had our first broody hen of the year start setting.

In July we butchered the cockerels, along with our older goat.  We got a new milk goat, which quickly turned into two new milk goats because she refused to eat from loneliness for one of her own kind.  The gardens started producing well and we were able to do some early harvesting.  We were surprised by how well our cabbages did and enjoyed an abundant harvest of them which we made into sauerkraut in our big crock, and coleslaw too. We did some more barn fixing up and remodeling.  The pullets started laying and our broody hen hatched out her chicks.  Towards the end of the month we experienced our hardest loss ever on the farm when our wonderful old lead LGD, Tundra, died.  He had been part of our family for 13 years, and was such an excellent farm dog.  It was a loss that shook us all.

Early August brought a terrible rain storm that flooded the barn.  We had to tear up all the floors and spent a lot of time digging ditches to help prevent future issues.  Our garden continued to produce well and we were busy harvesting and preserving the harvest.  We butchered one of our sheep and made broth with the soup bones, in addition to freezing a lot of great meat.  Our son’s medical issues came to the forefront and everything else was put on hold while we dealt with surgery, a hospital stay, and follow up appointments.

September was mostly focused on our son’s medical stuff.  But the coming of the first frost also necessitated a lot of garden work, harvesting, and putting up of the harvest.  We were very happy with the bountiful harvest we had this year, FAR surpassing all previous years.  We also had trouble with bears as they began their push to put on weight before hibernation.  Thankfully, none of our animals were killed by the bears.

October meant our gardening season came to a close.  But we were happily enjoying the fruits of our labors with delicious meals inside made completely from our farm.  We continued with Anya’s training (which had been going on since April).  I did a LOT of knitting and tried a new sock method.  And we had two more broody hens decide to set and hatch out chicks.  We worked on Operation Christmas Child projects and enjoyed preparing for the big box packing day in November.  Our sheep got loose and gave us an adventure, and at the end of the month we put our ram in with the ewes for breeding.

In November our sweet little Angora bunny, Oliver, died.  I continued my knitting spree and we made our first ever dog-fur yarn in the mill.  We all got very very sick with croup, strep, and pneumonia.  Somehow I found time to finish my last set of seasonal cloth placemats and napkins.

December started out unseasonably warm, with only two brief cold snaps, but ended with some bitterly cold days and nights.  We enjoyed working on homemade Christmas gifts and dealt with more medical crisis.  We made the hard decision to downsize the farm for the unforeseeable future while we continue to juggle our son’s medical issues – and thus we are down to just chickens, gardens, the guard dog, and barn cats on the farm.

It has been an exhausting but productive year.  We hope that our move towards downsizing and simplifying the homestead for 2018 will bring peace and prosperity to our family as we continue to battle the unknown of our son’s medical issues.  We look forward to another year full of adventures, productivity, and good memories.  We are blessed.

Homemade Christmas Presents

Each year the seven of us make homemade Christmas presents for each other.  Well, I guess technically six of us make homemade gifts for all seven, since Mr. Smiles isn’t quite up to the task yet at just 2 years old ;-).  Occasionally someone decides to buy a present if they see something they really think fits, but for the most part they are homemade.  So this post is to show off all the wonderful homemade presents from this year!

It was a year of sock-giving for me, I knit socks for Young Man, Sunshine, Braveheart, and Mtn Man…

For Mr. Smiles I made this sweater:

And for Little Miss and Sunshine I made Balaclavas:

Young Man (14) made this wooden doll cradle:

He also found a hatchet head on our property that was in good condition, but the handle was broken.  So he made a new handle and gave it to Mtn. Man.

Sunshine (12) made these gifts:

Crochet tea set

Sunshine leathercrafted this dog collar for Mtn Man’s dog, Finley.

Wooden/antler/leather toy dagger and sheath for Braveheart.

Gingham Embroidery bookmark

Flannel doll PJs

Flannel PJ pants

Knit hat for Mr. Smiles

She also has a huge bin of all sorts of lego pieces gathered from different sets over the years.  She took the pieces and built a couple of cool vehicles out of them, and then made them into custom lego kits to give to Young Man.  She made the boxes, and they even have directions just like a real lego kit.  I thought this was such a great idea of a way to reuse something she didn’t need anymore and make it into a cool “new” toy.

And she made these cute cat toys for her pet cats, she even filled them with catnip.

Little Miss (10) made these gifts:

Hot pads/mits

Sewing machine cover

Crochet pear and snail. Snail can go inside of pear.

Knit crab

Crochet winged dragon

Crocheted puzzle ball for Mr. Smiles

Braveheart (9) made these:

Wooden toy sword with leather wrapped handle

American Flag rug hook wall hanging (need to frame it)

Everyone had so much fun thinking up great ideas for gifts for one another, and then hand-making them.  And then we all enjoyed getting all the wonderful gifts too!

In addition to the homemade gifts, there were a few store-bought that are homestead related…

We can never seem to have enough books, so books are always appreciated.

And knitting and crochet goodies…you will see these yarns in future projects, using the new hooks and needles!

I have already started knitting my gauge swatch for the project I will be making with that oh-so-soft dark purple merino/silk.

We had a fun Christmas season putting all these gifts together and it all ended beautifully with a wonderful Christmas Day together as a family.  I hope you had a meaningful day as well.  Merry Christmas!