One Year!!! Building a Homestead Vs. Moving an Existing Homestead to a New Location

It has been a longer break than expected…but I am back at the computer, ready to share what has been going on.

From 2012-2021, we built our dream of a homestead on a small 3-acre property in the high-altitude Rockies. It was a lot of work, but realizing a dream usually is. Last summer, we moved that little dream homestead to a 30-acre property in the High Plains of Colorado. We knew moving a homestead to a new location would be a lot of work, but we figured it would be similar to the work we had put in for the last 9 years building our homestead. We were wrong – it is SO much more work!

Don’t get me wrong – we have been so blessed by this move and are loving our new, much larger, homestead, and all the opportunities the new space gives us. But we are so, so, so much busy-er than we expected. Thus, the absence from the blog.

When we built our previous homestead, for the most part, we added things one-at-a-time and were able to do the work maintaining what we had while adding the new project in – generally one new project at a time. This new property had some infrastructure – buildings, fences, etc. Which have been very helpful and we are very grateful for what it came with. But most of it is not set up in a way that works for the livestock we have and the way we like to manage the livestock. So, while we are trying to maintain what we already have (the daily chores of feeding, watering, cleaning, milking, weeding, repairing damage to buildings and fences), plus spring birthing/hatching season and all the extra work that brings, not to mention life outside of the farm, we are also trying to build infrastructure that works for our animals and how we like to manage them and build vegetable and fruit growing infrastructure and get gardens going. And it is not a one-project-at-a-time thing as we add new aspects like it was when we originally built our little homestead. Everything is at the top of the priority list fighting for its spot and everything needs to be done right now (well really, yesterday) because we already have all the livestock and they need what they need. Add to that learning a new climate and environment, and learning how to help reverse the damage that this property has sustained to its soil and ecosystem. Oh, and don’t forget the fact that we moved a large family into a small house and have needed to find and make ways to manage human housing as well. And…well folks…there just are not enough hours in the day.

We are so excited and hopeful about this new adventure. And that helps us face the exhaustion and days where we just feel so very overwhelmed. And doing this all together as a family makes it fun and unites us in new ways as well. It is fun brainstorming together when we need to solve a problem or are dreaming about a new something. Everyone is so creative and has great ideas on how to accomplish things. We are very happy and surprised at how much we have accomplished in just one year…even with a to-do list that never ends. So it is good – but not easy. Long days, short years.

As we are celebrating one year at our new farm, I thought I would make some time to jump online and give a blog update on what is going on around here. There is so much it is going to be a long post, just talking about what is going on outdoors, let alone indoors. So I will keep this one to just the outdoors.

Hoof Stock

The sheep and goats had a very productive birthing season. They birthed 19 babies (5 goat kids and 14 lambs) – which is a very large amount for us considering our average year before was about 4-5 babies with our biggest year before this being 9 babies. We had our first (and second) set of triplet lambs ever born on our farm. We also had a set of triplet goat kids. Three sets of triplets! We were also very blessed in that every single ewe and doe got pregnant and gave birth except the smallest ewe lamb from last year. We did not expect any of the ewe lambs from last year to get pregnant, but they all did except one. All of the lambs and kids survived and are thriving well.

We have been continuing to improve and build more fencing for the hoof stock pastures and pens and have also been building some more shelter for them. Ultimately, we need a nice big barn, but that is down the road a bit, so for now we are working to make sure they have adequate housing for what we need in the moment.

We are continuing to work on intensive grazing the ewes and lambs to bring life back to our soil (we don’t have the infrastructure to get the rams out on pasture yet). We are able to graze them on small sections of about 1/3 of our property by using electronet fencing. We are working on building a moveable shelter, which will bring that area up to more than half the property that will be able to be intensively grazed by them in small grazing portions. The pasture is very fragile, especially due to the windy, dry spring we had. It is all much shorter than it was this time last year. So we are being careful to move the sheep as needed to not over-graze it.

We are utilizing the fact that goats can be staked-out to graze some of the areas that are unreachable by the ewes and lambs with the two adult does. The area that they are on was grazed by the ducks last year, and as you can see (in photo below) it is in much better shape than the pastures (in photo above). So the grazing we did of the ducks last year really added a lot of nutrition to the soil and helped it along. Someday, we hope the whole property will be healthy and green.

Ducks

We have the ducks out grazing again this year. We are using the duck tractors we built last year, along with electronet poultry fencing.

We only have some grazing right now. One hen hatched two ducklings for us earlier this spring. It was her first time and she made a few mistakes, thus ending with just two ducklings, but I am sure that the experience will help her do better next time.

We were not set up for duck setting and brooding when she decided she wanted to set. So she set and hatched in a big plastic dog crate. Which worked fine, but we were wanting something more permanent for duck setting and brooding. We have since then been able to build a little broody duck house and pen from some building scraps we had around the farm. Another one of those infrastructure things we needed to do that I was discussing above.

We have another Muscovy hen setting now. She decided to set in the corner of the duck coop, so we left her there. The other hens are leaving her alone and letting her do her thing.

We decided to set up the incubator inside with some duck eggs in it to supplement for loss. We also have a hen setting, and I set up the second incubator with some eggs to supplement her hatch as well. So we have two incubators going right now.

Chickens

As I said, we have a hen setting – our ten-year-old Silkie hen, Eve. She has set and hatched 1-3 clutches for us every year since she started laying. She is an excellent broody hen and we are so glad we have her. She is small and can only sit on 6 standard eggs. But she can easily raise 10-12 chicks, especially in the warmer summer weather. So we have the back-up eggs in the incubator to increase the hatch and give her plenty to raise for us.

We don’t like free-ranging our chickens for several reasons. BUT we do like putting our chickens to work and giving them nutrition similar to free-ranging. We like to have our chickens live in our barnyards and stalls and work through all the compost and stall waste, eating bugs, grubs, seeds, etc. It keeps the stalls free from maggots in the deep bedding and helps our compost become black gold much faster. The new farm was not set up in a way for us to keep our chickens in the barnyards like we like to. We were able to build a coop and pen for the standard size chickens last fall that made it possible for us to dump the compost into their pen so they could work through it.

That has been working great. We clean out the stalls and dump it in there and we bring all the kitchen and garden scraps to it as well. They dig through it and work it. We pile it back up, they dig back through it, repeat…until after about a month or so it is pretty well broken down and then it goes into the “more composted” compost pile and we bring them a new load to work through. It keeps our feed bills down in that they eat a lot less when they have compost to work through. It is physically and mentally healthy for them. And it creates compost for the garden faster than when we just pile it all up.

But we ultimately want to get chickens living in each of our barns and barnyards with the hoof stock. The bantam hens have been living in a little backyard-type coop and haven’t been able to free range or even work compost since we moved here. It was fine for the winter, but we were really happy to get them set up to live out in the ewe barn so they can dig through those stalls and have a better diet and mental stimulation. We just built a little coop and hooked it to the fence.

They seem very happy with their new set up. They have a ton of space compared to the little backyard coop they lived in all winter. And all the bugs, grubs, seeds, etc that they can find.

Guineas

Last summer we got Guinea keets in hopes that when they grew up they would keep the snakes backed off from the house and barn areas. We had a lot of rattlesnakes last year and wanted a natural solution to the issue. We had heard Guinea hens would help keep snakes away and we were very excited to try it out.

Thus far it seems to be working. We have only seen two snakes (both bull snakes) and they both were way out away from the buildings and main housing area. So, it seems that the guineas really do help keep snakes at bay.

Gardens

Gardening at the new property has probably been the biggest challenge of everything we have done so far. We had the “windiest spring on record since 1981” and no rain. We had day-after-day of wind for weeks. We had 40-60mph sustained wind all from one direction for hours on end. It wreaked havoc on our seedlings, any seeds we planted, and our season-extending tents and WOWs. It was a rough spring for the garden.

The wind has finally calmed down, and we have gotten some rain in the last three weeks or so. Many seedlings died, hundreds of seeds never sprouted or died as tiny sprouts. But, some seedlings have survived, some were not out in the garden yet at the time of all the wind, and some seeds are finally starting to sprout. It seems like everything is way behind where it should be, but such is life.

We did not have the resources last fall to build the raised-bed main veggie garden that we plan to build. So we decided to use straw bales this year, giving us time to gather more resources and creating a foundation of decomposing straw for next year’s raised bed garden. The straw bale garden suffered the worst with the wind. Some stuff is starting to come back and we are nursing it along, but it has not done great so far.

We have also been plagued by mushrooms. The straw bale method book talked about mushrooms coming as part of the composting process, but made it out to be a one week or so and then they will be gone type of thing. We have been dealing with mushrooms for over a month and it looks to not be ending any time soon. They uproot the seedlings and push out the seeds we plant before they can sprout. Frustrating.

It is still early in the season. We are grateful for a much longer growing season than we used to have in the mountains. There is time for the wind-wrecked stuff to recover and produce. And we are hopeful it will.

The container gardens are doing much better than the straw bale garden thus far. The container gardens include planted containers we brought from the old homestead here, containers we built and planted last year, and some containers/raised garden beds that were already here when we moved in. We amended the soil in them, built them up or repaired them, and have been using them.

Most of the containers are kitchen and medicinal herbs. But there are also some fruits and veggies in them. We have harvested and enjoyed chives, rhubarb, garlic scapes, and peas already from the container gardens.

Garlic Scapes

The apple tree and some strawberries survived the winter. But then they were killed by the winds. The gooseberry bushes look to also have been killed by the wind – but it is unclear on those. Such a bummer. We hope to add more fruit trees and bushes in the future. But for now, there is enough on the list to get to that fruits will have to wait.

Overall, a very productive and very busy spring. We are learning, expanding, and enjoying the new farm.

Sunday Homestead Update – Break

As spring barrels towards us we are keeping very busy preparing the new farm for our first spring here. There is much to do and not much time. I occasionally take a break from blogging so I can step back and just focus completely on homesteading. It is time for another blogging break.

But, I will be back soon, sharing all things spring on the homestead (such a fun season!). See you soon!

Sunday Homestead Update – Gardening Season?

Could it possibly be true that gardening season is starting? It doesn’t feel possible. And yet here I am, starting my first seeds of the year indoors. At our previous farm I didn’t start seeds until mid to late March. But our new climate means a longer growing season and an earlier last-frost. And so it is true…gardening season is starting. This will take some getting used to.

Cold Frame

We have wanted to build some cold frames for many years to extend our season. But at our previous farm there was really no good location to build them so it kept getting put off. The new farm has a great location, and so we were excited to get one built to plant this spring and hope to do more this fall if it works well. We lined up bottles full of water along the back to add thermal mass. We got down to 18F one night and the cold frame only got to 30F. So that is promising. This week I planted our first spring crops in the cold frame. Seeds and plants in soil in February? Again…this will take some getting used to.


Root Cellared Veggies Update

We are still happily eating out of the root cellar. We finished up everything we had except winter squash and pumpkins. So we don’t know the exact length that the onions and garlic could have lasted given time. The potatoes were all eaten, with a few withered sprouting ones left. But the winter squash and pumpkins are still going great. We have decided to purposefully slow down our consumption of them so we can see how long they will last. But the root cellar is holding a great temp and we are really happy with it.

Cheesemaking

I am working through all the frozen sheep milk from last year that we couldn’t make into cheese due to the move. I have now made 6 gallons of it into cheese. There is still over 20 gallons left to get through before the milk sheep begin lambing in March.

We set up two repurposed refrigerator cheese caves. One is in the root cellar. It is a mini fridge and is holding perfect temp without being plugged in due to the root cellar temperatures. And a few dishes of water in the bottom of it are keeping the humidity in a good place. The second one is in a regular temperature room, so it has to be plugged in to maintain the temp we need, and, because it is a full-sized refrigerator, we are using tiny fans in the bottom to blow across the water drawers with humidifier wicks in them. That keeps the humidity up enough.

To read how we made a small refrigerator into a cheese cave, you can click here. At some point I will write up how we did it with the larger one. The main issue with the larger one that makes it different than using a small one is humidity. Especially if you live in a dry climate like we do.

Birthing Barn

The new farm we moved to is not set up for birthing out sheep and goats, especially not in the colder months. We don’t have any enclosed barns, only large and tall horse loafing sheds. We have been discussing and contemplating what to do about this issue on and off since we moved in. We have toyed with several different ideas of converting the loafing sheds, but eventually landed on building a small birthing barn and pen to be used until we eventually build a full-sized barn for all the sheep and goats to use all winter. We attached it to the poultry barn.

With our first lambs due in March, we have been working to get the birthing barn built and ready so we could move the first two ewes that are due into it. It has 2 jugs (birthing stalls) with the possibility of setting up a temporary third one as needed. It is closer to the house so we can easily keep an eye on them. And it is warm and cozy to help decrease the chance of hypothermic babies. We finished the important aspects of it and moved the first two girls in this week. When warmer weather hits we will be able to finish the trim, painting, and all the little details. But for now, we are ready for lambing and kidding season!

We always enjoy building as much as possible with free pallet wood. High lumber prices definitely brought our pallet-wood building to a whole new level with this barn build.

Heritage Arts

I am only working on one knitting projects right now (gasp!) because I just want to get it done. It has been on the needles for like 2 years and just keeps getting put off for other projects. It is an alpaca shawl with a lace border. It will be nice to finally finish it (hopefully!).

Daniel also bought me a couple of jelly rolls of fabric to make us a new quilt for our bed. I decided on a bear paw pattern and have started piecing it. I am really excited about how this will turn out, but nervous about how long it will take me to complete with everything else in life. 🙂

Feeders, or Beds?

We have had LGDs and goats using the feeders as beds lately. Cushy hay up off the cold ground on a sunny winter day…makes sense to me. The rams just go on eating right around the dog.

Sunday Homestead Update – Poultry

It seems all the updates involve poultry today. A lot going on with the birds around here.

Duck Dilemma

As I said a few weeks ago, we are having issues with the duck area because it won’t drain and has become a huge ice slick of water and duck droppings. The permanent fix will have to wait until spring when everything is thawed. But for now, we figured out a solution and were able to get it cleaned up temporarily. We waited for a somewhat warm day (40F), and we ran a hose from the commercial water heater we use in the mill out to the duck pen. We spent quite a bit of time using the very hot water to melt all the ice and frozen droppings, while also creating a way for all that hot water and melted gunk to drain out and away from the pen. Once it was all melted and running away, we did kind of a ”power wash” with the hose to remove all the droppings from the gravel and drain it all away too. We were left with a nice clean pen and 95% of the water dried or drained before evening when it froze again, leaving only a couple slick spots. We will repeat this procedure as needed this winter until we can fix the pen next spring/summer to make it work better for the ducks in the winter.

It feels a lot better to have them living in clean outdoor conditions (their indoor conditions were always clean).

Mystery Egg

We found a mystery egg. It was outside of the chicken and duck pens and thus could only have been laid by a free-ranging bird or a wild bird. The guineas free range, but from what I have read they are very seasonal in their laying and shouldn’t start up until March. We have never seen a guinea egg before because they weren’t mature enough to lay last year, but they supposedly have brown speckles, which this does not have. But the egg is way too big to be a wild bird – we have never seen any wild ground-dwelling birds on the property. And it is definitely tucked away like a ground-nesting bird. So it must be the guineas? Whose egg is this? We might never know.

The guineas have been staying close to their coop with all the cold and snow. Although the egg was laid on one of the warmer days, and they did go farther from home that day.

Here they are tucking in due to the wind. Poor Dino, the outcast, is, as always, on the outskirts of the group. The kids have noticed Dino doing some things that lead them to believe he (or she) might be mentally impaired. Maybe that is why they keep him out of the group. I guess we are lucky they haven’t killed him and instead just keep him three feet away at all times. I feel so bad for him though.

The guineas are having some issues with their feet. We caught them and examined them the other night in the coop because as they were free ranging we saw one limping and noticed a couple others whose feet looked different. Three of them had what looked like healing wounds But it was unclear what the wounds are. Frostbite? Goat heads? We have a ton of goat heads all over the property (puncture vine). The guineas can’t go three steps without getting one in their feet unless they stay on the roads and pathways, which they don’t. We constantly see them stopping to pull them out. We are wondering if the injuries are long-term exposure to constantly getting goat heads in their feet? There is really nothing to be done about it. None of their feet looked infected. And only one foot on one of the guineas seemed sore. So we will keep and eye on the situation and see what happens.

Chickens at Work

We did some cleaning this last week. We took a bunch of the compost the chickens have been working through for us out of their pen, and then cleaned out one of the deep bedded sheep stalls and gave them some more stuff to work through. We noticed quite a lot of fly eggs in it, so it will be good to let them take care of that. Letting them work our compost for us works so well. They create the black gold we are looking for much faster than we do when we just pile it up and maintain it ourselves.

The guineas seemed a bit jealous that the chickens got the good stuff. Although we did see the guineas working on the big compost heap earlier that day.

Sky Paintings and Mountains

The sky and mountains have been showing off a lot lately. My camera never does the real thing justice, but it is a start. We really love the views we get here.

Ice Storm

Ice storms are not something we are familiar with. They don’t really happen up in the high Rockies where we used to live. But they are pretty common down here in the plains. We experienced our first one today. It was very slick, but very beautiful. Chores were tricky with everything coated with a sheet of ice. And we all looked like Bambi trying to walk on the pond whenever our feet touched the cement walkways. But it all worked out OK and we got some amazing photos. My favorites are the feathers coated in ice. So pretty.