2014 Year-End Homestead Review

It is time for the end of year review again! It has been a great year, full of successes, failures, and plenty of learning and adventure. It was great to look back at the last year at the homestead.

First, some statistics…

Chickens:

  • We had anywhere from 26-65 chickens of all different ages on the farm this year
  • 3,548 eggs were laid
  • 164 dozen of those eggs were sold
  • 109.5 dozen of those eggs were used by us
  • 283 eggs were set to hatch
  • 122 chicks hatched successfully
  • 19 chickens were sold as layers for other people’s flocks
  • 35 chickens were butchered for meat for us
  • 66 chicks were sold right after hatch
  • 1 hen died from being egg-bound

The chicken program has done excellently this year.  Gotta love the livestock that more than earns its keep!

Rabbits:

In January we had several deaths in the rabbitry that took us back to square one as far as building our meat rabbit herd.  So we decided to stop with meat rabbits for the time being and get back into them sometime in the future.

In June we added Oliver, an English Angora, to the farm as both a pet and a fiber producing animal.  He has had 3 shearings this year that produced 2 ounces of use-able fiber.  A lot of fiber was lost to us learning how to properly manage and shear his coat.

Cows:

We sold our milk cow in January.

We butchered our 8-month-old JLow bull calf and got 102 lbs of meat (steak, roast, ground, & stew meat), 22 lbs of soup bones, and 10 lbs of dog food.  This year my dad requested organ meat, so we also had 6.6 lbs of meat organs

Sheep:

The sheep produced 4 fleece for us this year, 2 of which were first fleece and 2 adult fleece, for a total of 24 lbs of raw wool.  We also got 1 sheep hide from our ram lamb.

We butchered our first ever ram lamb (purchased as a weanling, not born on the farm).  We got 30 lbs of meat, 4 lbs of soup bones, 4 lbs of dog food, and 7 lbs of fat to render.

Garden:

The gardens did very well this year, producing about 150 lbs of produce for us.

For the specific garden statistics, read our garden review posts here, here, and here.

With the help of all the animals we continue to produce large amounts of very rich compost for use on our garden.  We have also had enough to share with friends.

Heritage Arts:

  • I knit 1 infinity scarf, 1 cowl, 3 scarves, 1 hat, 4 pairs of socks, 1 pair of mittens, 2 ear-warmer headbands, 1 sweater, 1 cell phone case, 1 skirt, and 2 neck/face warmers.
  • I sewed numerous cloth napkins for our family use, 1 gathering apron, 2 summer dresses for daughters,  6 pairs of kids’ flannel pajama pants, 4 pairs kids pajama shorts, 2 nightgowns, 1 pair of adult flannel pajama pants, numerous hen jackets, 15 napkins and 5 placemats for a gift with 3 coordinating quilted hot pads, and 1 single-sized quilt.  Plus tons of mending, mostly patching jeans.
  • I embroidered 1 gingham embroidery bread cloth.
  • I took a class in needle tatting and made one heart bookmark using that method.
  • I spun 145.5 yards of worsted weight 2-ply merino/angora yarn, a small amount of single-ply Lincoln Longwool, and I am about half-way through spinning 4 ounces of hand-dyed superfine merino.

In the Kitchen:

We canned the equivalent of 172 quarts of food this year (some were pints, some half-pints, etc but we added it up to how many quarts of food it was).  They included: whole peaches in honey syrup, peach jam, salsa, sliced dill pickles, dill spears, sweet spears, mixed berry jam, blueberry pie filling, plum jelly, crabapple jelly, apples in honey syrup, strawberry jam, cherry jelly, chicken stock, turkey stock, beef stock, and lamb stock.

We also froze 30 lbs (72 cups) of carrots and 30 lbs (77 cups) of green beans from the garden.

 

 

And now for some highlights from the homestead in 2014:

In January our life was dominated by the huge kitchen remodel project.  On the farm we had our first incubation of the year and had our first-ever broody hen successfully set and hatch eggs for us.  I learned how to knit socks two-at-a-time on 2 circular needles.  And we made the difficult decisions to end our rabbitry for the time being as well as sell our JLow milk cow, Violet.

February brought record-breaking cold weather.  On one of our last days with our milk cow in early February the milk froze on the side of the pail. We butchered our beef calf, continued with the kitchen remodel, and collected eggs for our 2nd incubation.  I focused on knitting and spinning quite a bit.

March added two new sheep to the farm; weanling lambs Daphne and Duncan.  We did all our garden planning and the second incubation of the year hatched.  Our second broody hen, Eve, began setting her first hatch.

In April we began work on building the last garden terrace and we started many seeds indoors.  Eve hatched her first brood of chicks and we incubated our largest incubation ever and sold all the chicks to a friend.  We also remodeled my little craft room.

In May we celebrated our second year anniversary on the farm.  We installed our garden drip system and planted six berry bushes.  I resorted to putting clothing on livestock when I figured out the pattern for chicken jackets and used them to protect my hens’ backs from the rooster’s claws.  We had a deep wet spring snow mid-month that stopped our spring productivity for several days.  Banana hatched her second brood of chicks for the year, and Ruth began setting for the first time.  We moved seedlings out into the garden in wall-o-waters for protection.  Lastly, I tried my hand at making my own body products.

June was a full month!  We battled aphids and flea beetles in the garden.  We made the hard decision to butcher our favorite roo, Boaz, since his foot injury (frostbite from the winter) made it so he couldn’t successfully breed anymore.  We added Oliver, our English Angora rabbit, to the farm.  Our ewe lamb, Daphne, gave us a big scare when she had an anyphalactic reaction to a vaccine, but thankfully she survived it with an epinephrine shot.  Mid-month we had a terrible hail storm that caused a lot of damage in the gardens.  We installed more permanent fencing around the barnyard and expanded its size.  At the end of the month Ruth hatched her first clutch of the year and Eve hatched her second.  That ended the hatching season for our breeding program.

In July we did Oliver’s first shearing.  Eve and Ruth were the first hens to share our “Mama Hen Pen” and raise their chicks together.  We enjoyed harvesting strawberries, peas, and greens from the gardens.  Our farm dog, Tundra, struggled with flies eating his ear and we tried everything possible to stop them and heal the wound.  We also started our canning season with cucumbers made into pickles in July.

August was spent harvesting, canning, harvesting, canning, and more harvesting and canning.  It was a wonderfully productive month of “puttin’ up.”  We also agreed to run an incubation to sell chicks again for someone.  Lastly, I started knitting my first-ever sweater.

In September we finished the last incubation of the year and sold all the chicks right after hatch.  We continued harvesting and canning.  We were very sad at the loss of our barn cat, Mattie.  The one-year anniversary of the flood and evacuation occurred and we were able to see the progress and acknowledge the blessings that occurred despite the disaster.  We butchered our first ever ram-lamb and enjoyed the meat it provided for our family.

We took a break from technology in October and didn’t blog.  During that month we finished up our canning and butchering season, filling the shelves and the freezer.  We started work on all the home-made Christmas presents.  And we added a new farm dog in-training to the farm – our Old-Time Scotch Collie pup, Finley.

In November we took the sheep to the breeder and left them there for 40 days with hopes for a spring full of lambs.  We harvested the last of the greens out of our screened planting box that we had put frost fabric over.  We had a bear attempt to get into our chicken coops 5 different times – thankfully he was unsuccessful and eventually went into hibernation.  We continued work on homemade gifts for Christmas.  And for Thanksgiving we had our first ever naturally raised turkey that we bought from a friend’s farm.

December brought a lot of treat making, and more working on Christmas gifts.  We had a big scare when our Silkie hen, Eve, almost drown in the new water trough.  Thankfully, she survived.  We were so excited for the opportunity to have the sheep ultra-sounded when we went to pick them up from the breeder.  We found out that Stella and Fiona are both pregnant and Daphne is most likely as well.  And even more exciting than the addition of lambs this spring is the addition of a new little someone to our family through adoption in 2015.

It has been such an amazing year full of blessings and adventures – and we are so excited for all the blessings and adventures to come in 2015!

Happy New Year!

Sunday Homestead Update

We spent this week dealing with the tail-end of our illness, but we are much better now.  Here is what is going on around the farm!

Blueberry Pie Filling

This week we got a good deal on blueberries, so we canned pie filling.  Yummy!  We are hoping to get to salsa, more pickles, and stewed tomatoes this coming week.

Tomatoes!

We ate our first few ever home-grown tomatoes! (at this location – we used to grow a lot of tomatoes when we lived in a little warmer climate).  These are the ones grown inside, the outside ones have yet to ripen, but we are hopeful.

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Chicken Update:

I noticed that one of the hen’s jackets had a spot that was worn through.  I am glad I put denim on the underside, and I am glad to see how much they are protecting the girls’ backs.  Just think if the damage was on her back instead of on her jacket!  I will patch this and then put it back into use.

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Daisy is molting.  They look so awful when they molt, and she seems to be going through an especially ugly molt.  The kids say she looks like someone tried to use a broken feather plucker on her.  Poor girl.  But she is going to look great when it comes back in!

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Now…to make up for the ugliness of that photo, lest you think our chickens all look like that…

We have some particularly beautiful pullets and cockerels from this year’s breeding season.  I finally got some time to take photos of them.  They are coming into adulthood and look excellent.  I love the colors and patterns of their feathers.

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And Rachel and Olaf had to get a chance to be in pictures too:

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The pullets are all coming of age and we are now getting more and more eggs each day!  They are such a great variety of blues, greens, creams, and browns.

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Baby Calf!

No, we do not have a cow on the property at this point.  However, the people who bought Violet from us called so we could come and see the calf she had since we were the ones who bred her.  If you remember, Violet is a JLow (mini jersey x lowline angus cross).  She is completely black.

103_0646We bred her to a mini Hereford, which are the breed that are orange with white faces.  We fully expected the black genetics to cover the orange, though we knew that the white face genetics are strong.  So we were all expecting a completely black calf, or a black with white face.  We were surprised to see that the heifer calf looked just like her sire!

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Violet did excellent with the delivery and has been a great mama, doting on her little baby girl.  It was really fun to get to see this baby even though we don’t own Violet anymore!

Another great week on the homestead!

Flies on the Farm

‘Tis the season for flies on the farm.  Lots of them.  But here at Willow Creek Farm we don’t have even a quarter as many as we did a few years ago.  There are several things we have done over the last two years that in combination with each other have really helped with the fly issues: fly predators, chickens free-ranging in the barnyard, sticky fly strips, and encouraging local birds that eat insects.

Fly Predators

Fly predators are little harmless bugs that love to eat fly larvae.  You order them like a subscription and they send you a certain number of packages (based on a description of your farm) each month during the months in your area when flies are active.  When the package arrives it is full of the “cocoons” (for lack of a better term) of the fly predators.  Within a few days they begin to hatch, and once you see some hatching you take the package and either dump them out, or just open the package and leave it sitting open in areas of the farm where the flies are the worst.  We would put an open package in the barn near the cow stall, and we would dump the other package outside on the manure/compost heap.  This was before we had the chickens free-ranging in the barnyard.  We wouldn’t dump them there after the chickens were there because they would happily eat all the fly predators in their cocoons and all.

We did two full spring/summer seasons of fly predators and saw a large decline in our fly issues.  This year we decided to try a year without them since we had some other things in place and we were wondering if we have an established population of fly predators now.  So far this year has been great, we have much less flies than other farms we have visited in the area.  We will probably do the fly predators every other year, or every two years from now on to keep it under control.

Chickens Free-Ranging in the Barnyard

Our chickens free range in the barnyard and have access to the sheep stall as well.  It is well-known that flies like animal waste, and the barnyard and sheep stall are where all the animal waste is located.  We also have the manure/compost pile located inside the barnyard.  The chickens go around scratching through the pile and around the yard and the stall and eat the flies (when they can catch them), but more importantly they eat the eggs and the fly larvae so they can’t turn into more flies.  Having them free range on the manure/compost pile, the barnyard, and the stall has made a big improvement on the fly issue.

Sticky Fly Strips

We have tried every fly trap on the market, as well as recommended homemade ones.  The ones we have found that by far work the best, are the most low-maintenance, and are safe for the environment and farm animals are the long sticky strips.  We put them all over in the barn.  We probably have 10-20 hanging in the barn during the worst of the season (the barn is about 600 sqr. ft).  We hang them where no animals can reach them, including the barn cats up in the hay lofts.  And we switch them out with new ones when they get full.  They occasionally catch a wasp, but about 99.9% of what is on them is just flies.  And it seems once a few flies are on there the rest of the flies flock to it like crazy.  They are an inexpensive and safe way to catch flies.

Encouraging Local Birds That Eat Insects

The first year we moved in my husband noticed that we had a few Violet-Green Swallows nesting in some holes in an old tree in the backyard.  In the evenings and mornings we saw them swooping around catching flies and other bugs.  They would go back and forth to their babies about 100 times in an hour.  It was amazing to watch.  And it occurred to us that they were eating thousands of flies each summer as they lived and raised their young on our property.

So we purposefully built nest boxes to the size and specifications they like, as well as nest boxes for some other insect-eating birds that are native to our area and put them up all over the property during the winter in preparation for their arrival in the spring.  The next year we had twice as many birds move in, and then this year we have even more.  Right now we have about 9 active nests of Violet-Green Swallows in our boxes as well as in some trees.  We also have nests of Nuthatches, Wrens, and Chickadees, which aren’t as helpful with flies but do eat some insects.  We watch the swallows zooming around catching bugs for their babies all day long.  They have become a wonderful asset to the farm.  This winter we plan to make even more nest boxes and put them up on the trees around the barnyard and even on the exterior barn wall with hopes we can encourage even more of these helpful critters.

The one downfall of encouraging these birds is that occasionally one of our barn cats manages to catch one.  It is such a bummer when they do and it upsets us all.  Unfortunately, there is no way to control what the barn cats catch and they catch hundreds of detrimental rodents on the farm each year so it is just something that we have to accept.

By using our chickens, local insect-eating birds, sticky fly strips, and fly predators we have been able to keep the flies down to a minimum on our farm, which makes everyone – human and animal – happier.  Now, if we could figure out a sure-fire way to keep the few flies we do have from eating the farm dog’s ear we would be in good shape!

Sunday Homestead Update

It has been a nice week around here, despite the ridiculous amounts of very fast wind we are getting.

Violet, the milk cow, official departed the farm, although she has been sold a couple of weeks and the new owners were milking and caring for her here. Though I miss her, it is a nice change and the barn smells a lot better. It is surprising how the cow smell can soak into anything and everything. No matter how well we clean up, we can still just run up to the barn for less than 5 minutes to collect eggs and our clothes and hair smells like cow. So that is one benefit of her being gone. The sheep smell doesn’t do the same thing to us.

We have been opening Banana’s exterior door everyday and she has been taking the chicks out to interact with all the other chickens through the wire pen wall. I think in a week or so we will probably open up the wire pen and see if she can integrate back into the flock with the chicks. I am hoping to get some pictures of them all soon too. The brooding coop is not the greatest for picture-taking.

Banty, the aggressive cockerel, did end up going to the stew pot. We also had to cull our oldest hen (only 18 months old) that same day. She had been having some health issues and they were getting worse and worse. We did not use her meat though, because her insides were all wierd…she was definitely sick with something.

Boaz’s foot is still healing. I think it is taking so long because it is so darn cold this winter and so it is not getting enough circulation and such in the cold.

We checked fertility in the incubators. The hens up with the two young roos (Blue and Banty) and Pepper in the upper coop had 94% fertility. The hens with Boaz (with his bum foot) has 69% fertility. The weird thing about Boaz’s fertility results were that they were not across the board with all the hens. Some hens gave 100% and some 0%. So yet again, he seems to be choosing not to breed all the hens. Which is frustrating. Goldie, the hen who has been in 2 different incubations, being bred with different roos at each one of those, and never had ANY fertile eggs, all of a sudden on this incubation has 100% fertility. I was convinced she had something wrong with her reproductive tract or something, but I guess not. I don’t know why she never gave a fertile egg before. But I am glad she gave us three this time because she is a beautifully built Buff Orp and we would love to have her genetics in the breeding program. She is also one that has toyed with going broody. I am hoping she will settle down and take it seriously this spring.

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So after taking out the infertiles and one egg lost to early death we now have 22 eggs in each bator for a total of 44 eggs currently. Now we wait. And wait. We are on day 9 of 21. On day 18 I will candle again, removing dead ones, and increase the humidity and start the lock down for hatch. Until then we just monitor the humidity, temp, and turners.

I had the chance to take a class in needle tatting this week. I have done shuttle tatting before and always wanted to try needle tatting to see which I liked better. I was able to get most of this heart done.

3The jury is still out on which method I like better. They both have pros and cons and I enjoy both. I am glad that I was able to learn this one so that I know both.

I worked on plying my Merino/Angora yarn that I have been spinning. I will finish it this week!

photo 4Lastly, we had a visitor arrive this week from a warmer climate and she brought some delicious, fresh, cucumbers with her for me. So I made and canned pickles! Last year I tried the bread and butter pickles recipe in the Ball Blue Book. They were OK, but the kids didn’t like them much. So this year I tried the sweet spear recipe. We will know in about 5 weeks if we like them or not!

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Sunday Homestead Update

It’s been a frigid week here.  We had a few days of single digit highs and lows in the -20s at night.  Everyone has survived it with no problems.

It definitely seems like the hot mash, scratch, and heat lamps are helping the chickens – when we had a cold snap like this in December we had all sorts of frost bite problems with the chickens.  But this time there have been none.

We are happy to be heading back into the 30s for highs this week and teens for lows.  And we also are supposed to get some more snow.  It has definitely been an abnormally harsh winter as far as the weather is concerned.

Butchering Calf

We took advantage of a break in the weather and butchered the bull calf yesterday (in between the days of frigid temps and the incoming snow).  It went smoothly and we are very happy to have all that healthy beef in the freezer.  I will post the yield stats later this week.

Beef Broth

The butchering came just in time, because I only have 2 jars of beef broth left.  So I started a batch and will be making and canning that throughout the next few days.

Last Milking

Yesterday was our last milking of Violet.  It was SO nice to sleep in this morning and not have to be up at 5:30.  She is still on the property for a few days because the weather prevented the new owners from getting the fence finished at their place.  But they will be coming every morning to milk her, feed her, and clean her stall until they move her to their place later this week.  We will definitely miss having a dairy cow, but this is the right decision for us in this season of our life.

2nd Incubation

Today we started collecting eggs for the 2nd incubation of 2014.  They will go in the bators in 10 days.  We are using two different incubators to see if one performs better here than the other.  Each will have eggs from each hen so it is fair and even.

This round we are breeding Boaz (Dark Brahma rooster) to Sophie (Easter Egger), Ruth (CochinX), Rachel, & Dixie (Light and Dark Brahmas) in the lower coop.  We are very hopeful his foot issues wont effect his ability to breed the hens.   And we are breeding the two young cockerels, Blue and Banty (mixed breeds), and our top roo Pepper (mix), to Daisy (Black Australorp), Goldie (Buff Orp), Bindi & Matilda (Easter Eggers), 3 Dark Brahmas and a couple of Barred Rock hens in the upper pen.

We are testing out Goldie one last time.  She has been bred twice now and has never produced a fertile egg.  If she doesn’t produce one this time we are assuming there is something wrong with her repro tract and she will be given until spring to go broody.  If she doesn’t go broody she is out.

Due to the high percentage of feathered legs in the last hatch, even from the upper coop, we are pretty sure that Pepper was infertile from his frostbite and the two cockerels were the ones who bred all the hens last hatch.  Because of that, we have kept Blue (cockerel) around for this breeding even though he attacked our son a few weeks ago.  We want to ensure good fertility.  There are 15 hens in that pen, even though we are only collecting eggs from 9 of them there is no way to separate them out, so the three roos will be covering 15 hens.  We figure with three of them, even if one is infertile from frostbite we should get good fertility.  As soon as we are done collecting eggs we will butcher Blue because we don’t keep aggressive roosters.

Garden Planning

It is time to start making plans for the garden and building a greenhouse.  I am surprised that I haven’t started planning already.  Usually, by this time of year the plans are all but done.  But we have been so busy with the kitchen remodel, and the cold weather (more work to keep animals cared for), that I haven’t even thought about it.  Hopefully, with the butchering of the bull calf done, and no other projects except the kitchen going right now, we can get the plans made and finalized before the end of the month.